Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India (2022)

Today TV has become one of the basic necessities of society. During the last few years, various technological advancements have taken place in the category which resulted in slimmer and better television in the market year after year. I still remember those CRT-based fat TVs and today even slim LED TVs are priced lower than those CRT-based TVs. So, today if you want to buy the best TV on your budget you must need to understand different technologies being used by the brands and define your requirement since today the best TVs are priced from few thousand to lakhs of the rupee. In order to help you understand the TV technologies of the brands in the category we bring you our detailed research with the article “Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India”

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Once you have an idea about various latest TV technologies being used by the brands which are also one of the reasons for the rising price, you will be in a much better position to decide which technology is best for you based on your budget. Now let us take our discussion further on understanding the latest TV technologies.

HD Ready/HD/4K/8K Resolutions –Next Generation of High Resolutions

NomenclatureActual ResolutionBest viewing Experience
HD READY /720p1280X720 Pixels32 inches+
FULL HD /1080p1920X1080 Pixels32 inches+
UHD3840X2160 Pixels40 inches +
4K4096X2160 Pixels49 inches +
8K7680X4320 Pixels80 inches+

During the last few years, TV technologies have changed a lot and the main changes were made in providing better TV resolutions. The TV panels play a very important role when we talk about the resolution. In the past, we were using CRT monitors which were more of an analog-based panel, and then the first disruptive change in panel technology was LED panels which were thin, digital, had long self-life and were energy-efficient.

The first LED TV was HD ready or HD TV is also known as 720p in general terms which had the resolution of 1280X720 and are mainly available in budget TVs under the 10000-15000 range. With more technologies coming in to get much better resolution, TVs have started evolving from Full HD to 4K televisions and now we are talking about 8K resolution in the latest TVs.

After that, we have Full HD TVs which had a slightly better resolution of 1920X1080 also known as 1080p in general terms, and uses an aspect ratio of 16:9. These TVs gave a much better wider cinematic experience. This is one of the most commonly used resolutions currently in mid-range TVs. Generally, the full HD TV sizes range from 32 inches

The next comes is the UHD resolution which supports 4096X2160 pixels. UHD resolution has also resulted in the manufacturing of bigger TV sets without reducing the cinematic experience of FULL HD on smaller TVs. Generally, the best experience of the UHD TVs can be felt on your television with 40 inches+ display size.

Further development resulted in 4K resolution TVs which were of behemoth size ranging from 49 inches and above TVs. These big TVs are price at 50000-100000 price range depending on the screen size and the brands.

Now we already have started talking about 8K resolution TVs whose size ranges up to 88 inches and might cost you more than a 1lakh price bracket. Today we are also talking about bigger foldable TV screens at 4k & 8K resolution.

OLED Vs QLED TV Technologies

The full form of OLED stands for Organic Light Emitting Diode. LG is the front runner in the segment which not only manufactures OLED panels to be used in LG TVs but it also supplies OLD panels to many other best TV brands like Sony, Panasonic, Philips, etc. The OLD uses organic material that emits light when electricity is allowed to pass through.

The basic LED TVs which is nowadays are common among low cost and mid-range televisions use LCD screen that uses LED backlight to produce vibrant colors. Now if you are confused between OLED and LED TVs then the basic difference between the two is that in OLED technology, each pixel gets light up providing better brightness, contrast, and colors while the common LED display technology lights up the whole screen.

Best OLED TVs in India

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Now talking about the QLED, the full form of QLED stands for Quantum-Dot Light Emitting Diode (Nano-sized LED crystals) and Samsung is the leader in this technology. Like LG, Samsung not only manufactures QLED panels for itself but many other best TV brands use QLED panels from Samsung in their TV models. This technology is one of the most energy-efficient display technology and the ability of the Nanocrystals to better absorb and emit lights helps QLED technology to produce vibrant pictures efficiently on the display. The QLED technology from Samsung can produce peak brightness by up to 1500 to 2000 nits.

Best QLED TVs in India

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Understanding HDR Technology in TVs

HDR stands for High Dynamic Range, the technology significantly works on two display factors i.e. color accuracy and a contrast ratio of your display panel. The technology enables your display to show up many vibrant colors and brighter pictures with darker blacks. So, if your TV is HDR compliant then HDR-compatible movies will show up with brighter pictures and highlights. When HDR technology meets the 4K resolution of your best TV, the resulting experience will be no doubt incredible.

HDR 10 is the most common and the latest version of HDR technology that is widely used by most of the best TV brands in India. HDR being an open-source technology like Android is easy for the best TV brands to implement without giving any license fees hence keeping the price low. As HDR technology is open-source, best TV brands do tweaks in order to further enhance the display output.

Dolby Vision is another premium format of the basic HDR version which mainly functions to enhance the video output of your TV just like Dolby Atmos sound works for enhancing the sound output of your TV. The Dolby Vision is the premium features are only available with the premiere TV brands like LG, SONY, Philips, etc. Dolby Vision supports up to 10000 nits peak brightness along with 12-bit color depth as respect to 4000 nits peak brightness along with 10-bit color depth supported by HDR10

The above two video processing formats are one of the widely used processing formats by major TV brands in India. There are many other formats like Hybrid Log-Gamma and Technicolor HDR. The hybrid log gamma video processing format is not common with the latest TVs but it is common among satellite broadcast purposes while the Technicolor is mainly being used in the European region.

Understanding Picture Engine -Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India

how picture engine works
Credit: X-Realty Pro (www.sony.com.ph)

Picture engine helps your latest TVs to process the data to deliver high-quality, crisp, and clear images on the display panel. All the best TV brands have their own picture engine. The picture engines also help to upscale the content to the best suitable quality compatible with the hardware (TV). For example, Sony provides an X Reality Pro picture engine in its 4K TV models which work by intelligently up-scaling each pixel to give you a crisper image even after up-scaling. On the other hand, LG’s Triple XD works on contrast and color along with noise reduction to provide you better upscale image. While the Samsung 3D HyperReal Engine algorithm works on contrast, color, and motion optimization during up-scaling to its optimal level.

 Although, most of the high-resolution TVs i.e. 4K,8K have to use picture up-scaling through its engine in order to enhance the viewing experience of the viewers especially in India. In India, most of the sources provide HD content, and in order to view these HD contents you need the help of these picture engines to upscale the input content signal to be compatible at 4K or higher resolution.

You need to search for 4K contents to really enjoy the real 4K experience on your 4K TV which is as of now very limited in India.

Operating Systems (OS): WebOS, Android, Smart Hub -Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020

 In the market, you have various options for choosing your best-LED TVs like Simple LED TVs or smart LED TV. IF you are thinking of going with the SMART TV then you must understand the importance of operating systems of your smart TV.

Smart TV uses an operating system just like windows on your laptop or Android, iOS on your mobile. Most of the best TV brands provide their custom operating system, custom android OS or Certified Android OS. As of now, LG’s WebOS is the most reliable operating system in the smart TV category. You must be thinking, Why not Android? Google is heavily investing in developing an Android OS for smart TVs but most of its components are still in the Beta phase and it may take more time to stabilize like the OS of your mobile. But being an open-source OS, you can easily find most of the TV brands are providing this OS on their smart TV models in all price brackets. So if you are planning to buy an Android smart TV, then you must be prepared with software issues and lags which will certainly become stable with updates and time. In order to deal with that, you can buy Amazon Firestick and use it on your TV for a better experience of OTT channels.

Otherwise, you can go with much stable WebOS which was introduced in 2014 by LG and currently is the most stable OS in the Smart TV category. Like LG’s WebOS, Samsung uses SmartHub based on Tizen. The SmartHub from Samsung is also stable with a front-end similar to WebOS. It also provides various features which you will enjoy experiencing.

Refresh Rate: Unfolding Brand’s Word Game -Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020

Refresh rate is one of the important numbers which indicates the capability of your TV to display maximum frames per second (Hz). For easy understanding, people take it as higher the number clearer the image on your best television. Now manufacturing LED panels with higher refresh rates is costlier as a result brands started playing with words in order to show their best LED TV models more technically impressive.

 Samsung defined it as Clear Motion Rate (CMR) which uses refresh rate, processor speed and backlit technology used to come up with a CMR number which can be anywhere 2-4 times the actual refresh rate (Showing you higher numbers) while on the other hand, LG coined the term TruMotion which according to them indicates the ability of their best TV models to display crisper and blur-free images, Panasonic uses the term Image Motion Rate which is actually twice the standard refresh rate. And at the end, SONY uses the term MotionFlowXR which is approximately 4 times the actual refresh rate.

Most of the brands use fancy terminology to withheld the actual refresh rate of their display panel. Generally, most of the display panels in India are designed to offer a 50-60 Hz refresh rate but it is still questionable about the high refresh rates of the new 4K LED TVs and whether these customized refresh rates are comparable between the brands, I still guess a big “NO”.

Best QLED TVs from Top Brands in India

Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020

In the article, we have talked about QLED panel technology which was being manufactured by Samsung. Below are some of the best TV models which use QLED display panel technology in their best TV models in India.

OnePlus 138.8 cm (55 inches) Q1 Series 4K Certified Android QLED TV 55Q1IN Pro (Black)

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Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020
  • Resolution: 4K-UHD (3840X2160), 55 inches
  • Connectivity: HDMI Ports-4 with ARC support, USB Ports-3.
  • Sound: 50W, 4speekers, 2 tweeters, 2 sub-woofers
  • Features: Wi-Fi, Android OS, Google Assistant, Chromecast, Bluetooth stereo mode, HDR 10+
  • RAM-3Gb, Storage-16Gb
  • Warranty: 1Year

Blaupunkt 139.7 cm (55 inches) 4K Ultra HD QLED Smart TV BLA55QL680 (Black) (2019 Model)

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Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020
  • Resolution: 4K-UHD (3840X2160), 55 inches
  • Connectivity: HDMI Ports-3 with ARC support, USB Ports-2.
  • Sound: 20W
  • Features: Wi-Fi, Android OS, BIS Certified, HDR X, Smart remote control with voice, German Brand
  • RAM-1Gb, Storage-16Gb
  • Warranty: 1Year
  • You need to connect external speakers for better experience as 20W inbuilt speakers are not up to the mark.

TCL 138.71 cm (55 inches) 4K Ultra HD Smart LED TV 55P65US-2019 (Black) | Built-In Alexa

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Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020
  • Resolution: 4K-UHD (3840X2160), 55 inches
  • Connectivity: HDMI Ports-3 with ARC support, USB Ports-2.
  • Sound: 20W
  • Features: Wi-Fi, Linux OS, Gaming console, HDR PRO, Alexa enabled, T-Cast for wireless sharing, certified YouTube and Netflix app,
  • Warranty: 18 months
  • You need to connect external speakers for better experience as 20W inbuilt speakers are not up to the mark.
  • You may need to use Amazon’s Firestick to enjoy full-fledged OTT contents.

Best OLED TVs from Top Brands in India

Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020

In the article, we have talked about OLED panel technology which was being manufactured by LG. Below are some of the best TV models which use OLED display panel technology in their best TV models in India.

Sony Bravia 138.8 cm (55 Inches) 4K UHD Certified Android OLED TV KD-55A8F (Black) (2018 model)

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Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020
  • Resolution: 4K-UHD (3840X2160), 55 inches
  • Connectivity: HDMI Ports-4, USB Ports-3.
  • Sound: 50W
  • Features: Wi-Fi, Android OS, Dolby Vision, 4K- X-Realty Pro, Chromecast,
  • Warranty: 12 months

FAQs: Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020

Which are the latest display technologies?

The Major display technologies in the industry are:
CRT: One of the primitive display technology which has now vanished
LCD and derivative: Currently in use some of the common derivatives of LCD technology are Quantum dot display, backlit LED display. Other derivatives of LCD like WLCD, OLCD, LCD technologies have not gained much acceptance in the market.
OLED and derivative: Currently in use with high-end television models with large screen sizes. Other derivatives of OLED are transparent OLED, PMOLED, and AMOLED. The AMOLED screens are being used for quite a long in mobile devices.
Nano Cell Display: This is one of the latest TV display technology developed by LG. It used nanoparticles to absorb unwanted light wavelength resulting in bright and dynamic colors

Is OLED display technology is the best available technology?

The OLED display can produce better colors and be more energy-efficient but on the other hand, the QLED display technology can generate the brightest pictures on the screen.

Is a higher display rate means better display quality?

Generally, most of the display screens have a refresh rate of 60 Hz. However, with the help of better display processors nowadays, brands are coming with much higher display refresh rates i.e. 90Hz, 120 Hz, etc. No doubt higher display rates will provide much smoother movements on the screen and so it will give you much greater performance in the case of fast and action games and pictures.
However, the experience also depends on the refresh rate of the camera used to shoot the video.

Is 60 Hz refresh rate is enough for my 4K TV?

Well, 60 Hz is the minimum required refresh rate for you to experience smooth video. However, Your 4K display panels have a native refresh rate of about 120 Hz which is double the required minimum but that doesn’t guarantee better pictures as most of the broadcasters broadcast at a standard 60Hz refresh rate.

Final Words

In this article “Understanding Latest TV Technologies in India 2020” we tried to come up with some of the important and basic TV technologies that you must consider while going to buy your best LED television in India. Until now most of you didn’t know the importance of different features like HDR, Dolby Vision, and refresh rate and some of the terms that the best TV brands are using to camouflage the real refresh rates of their LED TVs. But with this article, we tried to make it simple for you.

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Feel free to share your thoughts and queries in the comment section below. If you want to know more about any other TV technologies, share with us we will research and come up with a simplified version of the technology for you.

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